Both THC & CBD interact with cannabinoid receptors, but the types of effects brought about by these compounds couldn't be more different. Preclinical studies have shown that full-spectrum CBD-rich cannabis oil (with a small amount of THC) is efficacious at much lower doses and has a much wider. CBDistillery offers a large selection of additional CBD oil products. These include non-THC and isolate-based oils, as well as topical lotions and salves, hard.
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The patient was a y-old male who presented with a long-standing diagnosis of bipolar disorder and a daily addiction to marijuana use. With use of the CBD oil, the patient reported being less anxious, as well as settling into a regular pattern of sleep. He also indicated that he had not used any marijuana since starting the CBD oil. With the decrease in the dosage to 18 mg, the patient was able to maintain his nonuse of marijuana. Cannabidiol CBD oil is a naturally occurring constituent of industrial hemp and marijuana collectively called cannabis.
CBD oil is one of at least 85 cannabinoid compounds found in cannabis and is popular for its medicinal benefits. CBD is generally considered to be safe and has been used medicinally for decades. The suggested medicinal effects of CBD include decreasing anxiety, improving sleep, and providing other neuroprotective effects.
THC is a cannabinoid and is the component that induces the euphoric psychoactive effect. Various cannabis plants can have different amounts of CBD and THC depending on the strain, and, thus, can provide different recreational or medicinal effects.
The cannabinoid profile of industrial hemp or medical marijuana is ideal for people looking for the medical benefits of CBD without the high of the THC. The mechanism of action for CDB has been suggested to be antagonistic to the psychoactive properties of THC in many locations within the central nervous system, thus helping to attenuate the psychoactive behaviors of THC.
The mechanism of action of CBD is multifold. CB 1 and CB 2 receptors. The CB 1 receptors are located mainly in the brain and modulate neurotransmitter release in a manner that 1 prevents excessive neuronal activity, thus calming and decreasing anxiety; 2 reduces pain; 3 decreases inflammation; 4 regulates movement and posture control; and 5 controls sensory perception, memory, and cognitive function.
Anandamide, an endogenous ligand that occurs naturally within our bodies, binds to the CB 1 receptors through the G-protein coupling system. CBD has an indirect effect on the CB 1 receptors by stopping the enzymatic breakdown of anandamide, allowing it to stay in the system longer and to provide its medical benefits.
The CBD helps to mediate the release of cytokines from the immune cells in a manner that helps to reduce inflammation and pain. Other mechanisms of action of CBD include stimulation of vanilloid pain receptors, such as the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 TRPV-1 receptor, which are known to mediate pain perception, inflammation, and body temperature.
Since the s, a considerable number of published articles have addressed the chemistry, biochemistry, pharmacology, and clinical effects of CBD. Although studies have demonstrated the calming, anti-inflammatory, and relaxing effects of CBD, clinical data demonstrating the use of CBD to obtain help in marijuana withdrawal is minimal. One prior case study by Crippa et al 16 documented the positive effects of using CBD for the treatment of marijuana withdrawal.
The current case study offers further evidence that CBD is effective as a safe method of transitioning off marijuana without unwanted side effects. The patient was a year-old male who presented with a long-standing diagnosis of bipolar disorder and a daily addiction to marijuana.
His presenting concerns included erratic behaviors, anxiety, inconsistent sleep patterns, and irritability. He currently lives with his parents, works as a self-employed driver, and teaches chess to children.
Informed consent was received from the patient. Evaluations included 1 a basic, complete blood count; 2 a nutritional evaluation; 3 a comprehensive metabolic panel; 4 a lipid panel; 5 a measurement of methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase MTHFR ; 6 a celiac panel; 7 a measurement of thyroid function; 8 a measurement of iron levels; and 9 a quantitative electroencephalogram qEEG. Dietary recommendations were then implemented as was a regimen of nutritional supplements.
The patient also received neurofeedback sessions and bodywork. Prior to the period of the case study, he had been stable for a number of years.
In May , it was recommended that he begin taking CBD as a way of transitioning off the daily marijuana use and stabilizing his erratic moods. The dosage was gradually decreased from 24 to 18 mg, with the patient using no sprays during the day and 6 sprays at bedtime. CannaVest Company Las Vegas. NV, USA , which had no involvement in the case study or distribution of the product, provided the CBD oil that was administered to the patient.
The PSQI is a standardized and validated self-report instrument that measures sleep quality over the prior month. Low scores indicate better sleep. A score under 5 means that you have no sleep concerns. The HAM-A scale is a standardized and validated measure of anxiety in an adult population that has been in active use for decades.
A score of 17 or less indicates mild anxiety in terms of severity. A score from 18 to 24 demonstrates mild to moderate anxiety severity. Last, a score of 25 to 30 indicates moderate to severe anxiety.
Using the CBD oil, the patient was able to maintain nonuse of marijuana. With a subsequent, gradual decrease in anxiety, the patient was able to maintain a regular sleeping schedule Table 2. He was able to get a more secure job as a self-employed driver, and he continued to teach chess to children.
He also became more interactive with his family and friends. The current case study found that CBD oil can be an effective compound to use for transitioning an individual off addictive use of marijuana. However, the patient made significant gains in taking responsible actions and presented fewer erratic and disorganized behaviors. A systematic review of the literature previously had examined 14 studies on the use of CBD oil to modulate various neuronal circuits involved in drug addiction.
One reported consequence of the cessation of daily marijuana use is a withdrawal syndrome that is characterized by irritability, anxiety, marijuana craving, decreased quality and quantity of sleep, and reduced food intake. The patient reported being less anxious and sleeping better since taking the CBD oil. He reported not using any marijuana since starting the CBD and was proud of his accomplishment of getting a job as a self-employed driver and continuing with teaching chess to children. The author participated in no competing interests that would have affected the results of the case study.
No financial support was provided by CannaVest at any time. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Integr Med Encinitas v. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Scott Shannon, md , is a psychiatrist; and Janet Opila-Lehman, nd , is a naturopathic physician. Scott Shannon, md , E-mail address: Associate Health Minister Peter Dunne said restrictions would be removed, which means a doctor will now be able to prescribe cannabidiol to patients. On October 17, , cannabidiol became legal for recreational and medical use.
Several industrial hemp varieties can be legally cultivated in Western Europe. CBD is classified as a medical product in Sweden. Cannabidiol, in an oral-mucosal spray formulation combined with deltatetrahydrocannabinol, is a product available by prescription only until for relief of severe spasticity due to multiple sclerosis where other anti- spasmodics have not been effective. Until , products containing cannabidiol marketed for medical purposes were classed as medicines by the UK regulatory body , the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency MHRA and could not be marketed without regulatory approval for the medical claims.
A literature review indicated that cannabidiol was under basic research to identify its possible neurological effects,  although as of [update] , there was limited high-quality evidence for such effects in people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Cannabidiol Oil for Decreasing Addictive Use of Marijuana: A Case Report
CBD is found primarily in extractions from the hemp plant. It's sold in gels, gummies, oils, supplements, extracts, and more. THC is the main psychoactive. Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, Cannabis Oil are all common phrases used. There are some major differences to each that you need to understand before. CBD strains can be consumed just as you would THC strains. You can smoke or vaporize CBD-rich flower, eat a CBD-infused edible, swallow a CBD oil capsule.